The kidneys clean the blood by removing waste products, which then leave the body through the urine. The kidneys have an important role in balancing the body's fluids. They also help control blood pressure, keep bones strong, and make red blood cells.
Chronic kidney disease happens when the kidneys are damaged and can't clean the blood or do their other jobs.
Many things can damage the kidneys. The two most common causes of chronic kidney disease are diabetes and high blood pressure.
If you have chronic kidney disease, you may not feel anything unusual. However, you may have these symptoms:
If you are 60 years or older, have diabetes or high blood pressure, or if you have family members with kidney disease, your doctor may want to test you for chronic kidney disease. He or she will check your blood pressure and order certain blood and urine tests to find out how well your kidneys are filtering your blood, and to see if there is protein in your urine.
It is important to stay away from things that can hurt your kidneys. You might need to:
Prostatectomy performed using the da Vinci Surgical System significantly reduces the incidence of urinary incontinence and impotency in comparison with the conventional methods of surgery.